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§ 60. Vocabulary to lesson 11 - А. З. Цисык; пер на англ яз. А. З. Цисык. Минск : бгму, 2010. 212 с


§ 60. Vocabulary to lesson 11

Latin-English vocabulary

Prepositions used with the Accusative

ad — 1) to; 2) for; 3) during

ante — before, in front of

circum — around, round

contra — against

in (to the question “where to?”, Russian “куда?”) — in, into, on

infra — below, under

intra — among, between (two objects)

per — through, via 2) by ( means of)

post — after (time), behind (place)

sub (to the question “where to?”, Russian “куда?”) — under

super, supra — above, over

^ Other words

adĭtus, us m — aditus

antrum, i n — antrum, cave

auricularis, e — auriculare

difficĭlis, e — difficult

flavus, a, um — yellow

medulla, ae f — medulla

oblongātus, a, um — oblongata (medulla)


^ English-Latin vocabulary

Prepositions

above — super, supra

after — post

among (more than two objects) — inter

around — circum

before — ante

behind — post

between (two objects) — inter

by (means of) — per

during — ad

for — ad

in — in (to the question “where to?”)

in front of — ante

inside — intra

into — in (to the question “where to?”)

on — in (to the question “where to?”)

round — see around

to — ad

through — per

under — infra, sub (to the question “where to?”)

^ Other words

ascending — ascendens, ntis

childbirth — partus, us m

cough — tussis, is f

death — mors, mortis f

leg — pes, pedis m

operation — operatio, ōnis f

use — usus, us m


Lesson 12

^ ABLATIVE SINGULAR AND PLURAL OF NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES. PREPOSITIONS USED WITH THE ABLATIVE

§ 61. Ablative and its formation

Ablative is the Latin case reflecting different circumstances and conditions which characterize the indirect object (mood of the action, time, place, reason and so on).

Both nouns and adjectives get the Ablative forms by adding
the corresponding endings to their stems, as one may see in the table below:

Dec-len-sion

Gen-der

Nominative

singular

Abl. sing.

ending

Ablative singular

form

Abl. plur.

ending

Ablative plural

form

I

f

vena cava



vena cava

-is

venis cavis

II

m

ramus dexter

sulcus palatīnus

-o

ramo dextro

sulco palatīno

-is

ramis dextris

sulcis palatīnis

n

ganglion otĭcum

septum longum

ganglio otĭco

septo longo

gangliis otĭcis

septis longis

III

m

margo anterior


canālis nutriens

-e

(-i)

margĭne anteriōre


canāle nutrienti

-ĭbus

marginĭbus anteriorĭbus

canalĭbus nutrientĭbus

f

pars laterālis


basis simplex

-e

(-i)

parte laterāli


basi simplĭci

-ĭbus

partĭbus lateralĭbus

basĭbus simplicĭbus

n

rete capillāre


crus posterius

reti capillāri


crure posteriōre

retĭbus capillarĭbus

crurĭbus posteriorĭbus

IV

m

processus

-u

processu

-ĭbus

processĭbus

n

cornu

-u

cornu

cornĭbus

V

f

facies

-e

facie

-ēbus

faciēbus


Some ending variants are seen in the third declension. Nouns and adjectives in the Ablative singular can get endings -e or -i.

The ending -i is added to the stem of:

  1. Neutral nouns with the endings -al, -ar, -e in the Nominative singular (we have already mentioned these nouns in the previous lessons): anĭmal,
    ālis n — animāli; calcar, āris n — calcāri; rete, is n — reti.

  2. Four feminine nouns: pelvis, is f pelvis — pelvi; febris, is f fever — febri; tussis, is f cough — tussi.

  3. Feminine nouns with the ending -sis: basis, is f base — basi.

  4. Masculine, feminine and neutral adjectives in the positive degree as well as participles: brevis, e — brevi; capillāris, e — capillāri; simplex, ĭcis — simplĭci; fluctuans, ntis — fluctuanti.

The ending -e is added to the stem of:

  1. All nouns which don’t belong to the first three groups of the explained above rules, — see, e. g., in the table the nouns canālis, margo, pars, crus.

  2. Masculine, feminine and neutral adjectives in the comparative
    degree, — see in the table the adjective anterior, ius and posterior, ius.

§ 62. Prepositions used with the Ablative

Proposition

Meaning

Examples

Translation

a, ab (before a vowel)

from

a sulco rhināli

ab axe optĭco

from rhinal sulcus

from optical axis

cum

with

cum nervo faciāli

cum febri continua

with facial nerve

with continued fever

de

about

de ossĭbus cranii

about the skull bones

e (ex)

1) from (about the movement from within)

2) of, from (about material)

e canāle sacrāli

e cavitāte abdomĭnis

ex fructĭbus Rosae

e fibris elastĭcis

from the sacral canal

from the abdomen cavity

of dog-rose fruits

from elastic fibers

in

(when answeing the question “where?”) in, on

in cavitāte pleurāli

in facie unguis

in the pleural cavity

on the nail surface

pro

for

pro reti venōso

guttae pro ocŭlis

for venous network

drops for eyes

sine

without

sinе pancreăte accessorio

sine dentĭbus serotĭnis

without accessory pancreas

without wisdom teeth

sub

(when answeing the question ”where?”)

under

sub cute capĭtis

sub narcōsi locāli

under the skin of head

under a local anesthesia

§ 63. Exercises

  1. Give the dictionary form of each word, make up the forms of
    the Ablative singular and plural:

accessory pancreas; continued fever; bony tissue; canine tooth; floating rib; inner base; left canal; lesser pelvis; long spur; lymphatic vessel; right region; sacral horn; short nerve; simple joint

  1. ^ Give the dictionary form of each word; translate from Latin into English:

ab angŭlo inferiōre scapŭlae; a crista capĭtis costae; cum febri continua;
de structūra partium corpŏris humāni; de termĭnis generalĭbus; glandŭlae sine ductĭbus; in facie unguis; in regionĭbus membri superiōris; pro reti venōso; sanguis ex vena pro analўsi; sub muscŭlis facialĭbus; sub tunĭca musculāri; tunĭca e textu connectivo

  1. ^ Give the dictionary form of each word; translate from English into Latin:

about the abdominal muscles; a medicine from the forest plants; for external use; for nervous system; from the head to the feet; from the surface of knee; in the heart artery; in the thoracic vein; on the nose skin; under a local (general) anesthesia; with a wandering kidney; without upper wisdom teeth

§ 64. Vocabulary to lesson 12

Latin-English vocabulary

^ Prepositions used with the Ablative

a, ab — from

cum — with

de — about, of

e, ex — from, of

in (when answering the question “where?”) — in, on

pro — for

sine — without

sub (when answering the question “where?”) — under

^ Other words

connectīvus, a, um — connective

continuus, a, um — continued

faciālis, e — facial

generālis, e — general

glandŭla, ae f — gland

humānus, a, um — human

musculāris, e — muscular

scapŭla, ae f — scapula

structūra, ae f — structure

termĭnus, i m — term

tunĭca, ae f — layer, coat


^ English-Latin vocabulary

anesthesia — anaesthesia, ae f

continued — continuus, a, um

forest — silvestris, e

general — generālis, e

local — locālis, e

medicine — medicamentum, i n

plant — planta, ae f

wandering — migrans, ntis

Lesson 13

^ PREFIXES IN ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY

§ 65. Prefixation in the word building

Prefixation is the way of word building by adding prefixes to the stem of nouns or adjectives. As a result new meanings of the word are received in which any additional circumstances characteristic of the noun or adjective arise, mainly in respect of space if it concerns anatomical terms, e. g.:

brachium, i n (brachium) + ante (before) → antebrachium, i n — antebrachium

cervicālis, e (cervical) + endo (within) → endocervicālis, e — endocervical

cutaneus, a, um (cutaneous) + sub (under) → subcutaneus, a, um — subcutaneous

§ 66. Prefixes in anatomical terminology

Both Greek and Latin prefixes are widely used in anatomical terms. Some of them have the same meaning and in these cases choosing the prefix depends only on tradition of using this or that word in a certain term. In other cases, Greek and Latin prefixes don’t duplicate the meaning of each other. According to this connection, we place Greek and Latin prefixes in two tables.

^ Greek and Latin prefixes with identical meaning

Meaning

Greek

prefix

Latin

prefix

Latin examples and English equivalents

above – under

above, over

epi-

super-


supra-

epigastrium, i n — epigastrium

superficiālis, e — superficial

suprarenālis, e — suprarenal

below,

under

hypo-

infra-


sub-

hypoglossus, a um — hypoglossal

infraorbitālis, e — infraorbital

sublinguālis, e — sublingual

before – behind

after,

behind

meta-

post-,

retro-

metatarsus, i m — metatarsus

postcavālis, e — postcaval

retromandibulāris, e — retromandibular

inside – outside

within

en-, endo-

intra-

encephălon, i n — brain

endocervicālis, e — endocervical

intracellularis, e — intracellular

outside, of

ecto-, exo-

extra

ectoderma, ătis n — ectoderm

exoskelĕton, i n — exoskeleton

extracellulāris, e — extracellular

between or the middle part

between or the middle

part

dia-, di-, meso-,

mes-

inter-

diastēma, ătis n — diastema

mesoderma, ătis n — mesoderm

mesencephălon, i n — mesencephalon, the midbrain

intercostālis, e — intrecostal

together, joined

together, joined

syn-

sym-

col-,

com-,

con-, cor-

synostōsis, is f — synostosis; symphўsis,

is f — symphysis; commissūra, ae f — commissure; collaterālis, e — collateral

connectīvus, a, um — connective

m.corrugātor, ōris m — corrugator

not, without

absence,

denying

a-, an-

(before a vowel)

in-, im-,

ir-

azygos (undeclinable) — azygous

anonўmus, a, um — innominate

insensibĭlis, e — insensible; impar, ăris — impar; irregulāris, e — irregular

against, opposite

against, opposite

anti-

contra-

antitrăgus, i m — antitragus

anticorpus, ŏris n — antibody

contralaterālis, e — contralateral

from, away from

away

from

apo-

a-, ab-

apocrīnus, a, um — apocrine

apophўsis, is f — apophysis

m. abductor, ōris m — abductor

around, round

around

peri-

circum-

pericardium, i n — pericardium

circumorālis, e — circumoral

through

through

dia-

per-

diaphragma, ătis n — diaphragm

perspiratio, ōnis f — perspiration

out of

out, out of

ec-, ex-

e-, ex-

eccrīnus, a, um — eccrine

effĕrens, ntis — efferent

exostōsis, is f — exostosis

excretorius, a, um — excretory

^ Greek and Latin prefixes without mutual semantic duplication

Greek prefix

^ Latin prefix

Meaning

Latin examples and English equivalents



ad-, ac-,

af-, ap-

adition, mo-

vement nearer

adrenālis, e — adrenal

accessorius, a, um — accessory

affĕrens, ntis — afferent

appendix, ĭcis f — appendix



de-

1. removing

2. downward

m. detrūsor, ōris m — detrusor

m. depressor, ōris m — depressor



dis-, dif-, di-

spreading

disseminātus, a, um — disseminated

diffūsus, a, um — diffuse

m. dilatator, ōris m — dilator



in-, im-

moving

inward

infundibŭlum, i n — infundibulum

impressio, ōnis f — impression



re-

again or repeated action

reactio, ōnis f — reaction

recessus, us m — recessus, recess

reuniens, ntis — reunient

para-




beside, near

paracervix, īcis f — paracervix

paranasālis, e — paranasal

§ 67. Greek and Latin numerals as prefixes

Meaning

Greek prefix

Latin prefix

Latin examples and English equivalents

one

mono-

uni-

mononucleāris, e — mononuclear

unicellulāris, e — unicellular

two

di-

bi-

digastrĭcus, a um — digastric

bifurcatio, ōnis f — bifurcation

three

tri-

tri-

trigōnum, i n — trigonum, triangle, trigone

trigemĭnus, a, um — trigeminus

four

tetra-

quadri-

tetrăpus, ŏdos — tetrapus

quadrĭceps, ipĭtis — quadriceps

half

hemi-

semi-

hemispherium, i n — hemisphere

semicanālis, is m — semicanal

§ 68. Exercises

  1. Give the dictionary form of each word and translate into English taking into consideration the meaning of prefixes:

adhesio interthalamĭca; apparātus respiratorius seu systēma respiratorium; circumferentia articulāris; dentes decidui; eminentia collaterālis; fibrae periventriculāres; glandŭla parotidea accessoria; impressio suprarenālis; lamella circumferentiālis externa; ligamenta metacarpalia interossea; mesocōlon transversum; muscŭlus bipennātus; ossa metatarsi; plexus submucōsus; processus intrajugulāris; sectiōnes mesencephalĭci; spatium retropharyngēum; substantia perforāta interpedunculāris; symphўsis intervertebrālis; synchondrōsis intraocipitālis; tractus paraventriculohypophysiālis; tragus et antitrăgus auricŭlae; trigōnum cervicāle anterius; vena retromandibulāris

  1. ^ Give the dictionary form of each word and fill in the gaps with the most suitable Latin prefixes using, if necessary, Atlas of Human Anatomy:

arteria …currens; arteria …flexa scapŭlae; canālis …circulāris; ligamenta …capsularia; muscŭlus …pressor angŭli oris; muscŭlus …pennātus; nervus …dūcens; orgăna ocŭli …cessoria; recessus …hepatĭci; vas sanguineum …fŏrans; zona …certa

  1. Give the dictionary form of each word and fill in the gaps with the most suitable Greek prefixes using, if necessary, Atlas of Human Anatomy:

… cōlon descendens; …condўlus laterālis; fossa …helĭcis; …gōnum habenŭlae …encephăli; glandŭla …statĭca; glandŭlae …crinae; muscŭlus …gastrĭcus; plexus … gastrĭcus; recessus … tympanĭcus; regio ….chondriăca; … spherium cerebelli; spatium …pharyngēum; tractus … encephalĭcus nervi trigemĭni

  1. ^ Give the dictionary form of each word and translate into Latin:

accessory pancreatic duct; common interosseous artery; external intercostal muscles; fascia of forearm; interclavicular ligament; intermandibular suture; interlobar artery; intraglandular lymphatic node; interosseal nerves of leg; parapharyngeal space; paravesical fossa; preoccipital noch; semilunar folds of colon; submandibular gland; supraorbital veins; suprapleural membrane

§ 69. Vocabulary to lesson 13

Latin-English glossary

Nouns of the 1st declension

auricŭla, ae f — auricle; pinna

circumpherentia, ae f — circumference

eminentia, ae f — eminence

lamella, ae f — lamella

^ Nouns of the 2nd declension

antebrachium, i n — antebrachium, forearm

antitrăgus, i m — antitragus

diencephălon, i n — diencephalon

hemispherium, i n — hemisphere

mesencephălon, i n — mesencephalon

mesocōlon, i n — mesocolon

metatarsus, i m — metatarsus

spatium, i n — space

tragus, i m — tragus

trigōnum, i n — trigone

^ Nouns of the 3rd declension

adhesio, ōnis f — adhesion

antihĕlix, ĭcis f; anthĕlix, ĭcis f — antihelix (anthelix)

symphўsis, is f — symphysis

synchondrōsis, is f — synchondrosis

syndesmōsis, is f — syndesmosis

^ Nouns of the 4th declension

apparātus, us m — apparatus

recessus, us m — recess

Adjectives of the 1st and 2nd declensions

bipennātus, a, um — bipennate

biventer, tra, trum — two-bellied

deciduus, a, um — deciduous

digitātus, a, um — digitate

endocrīnus, a, um — endocrine

epitympanĭcus, a, um — epitympanic

incertus, a, um — incerta(zona)

interosseus, a, um — interosseal, interosseous

interthalamĭcus, a, um — interthalamic

hypochondriăcus, a, um — hypochondriac

hypogastrĭcus, a, um — hypogastric

mesencephalĭcus, a, um — mesencephalic

^ Adjectives of the 3rd declension

circumferentiālis, e — circumferential

collaterālis, e — collateral

extracapsulāris — extracapsular

interpedunculāris, e — interpeduncular

intervertebrālis, e — intervertebral

intrajugulāris, e — intrajugular

intraoccipitālis, e — intraoccipital

metacarpālis, e — metacarpal

pancreatĭcus, a, um — pancreatic

paraventriculohypophysiālis, e — paraventriculohypophysial

periventriculāris, e — periventricular

retromandibulāris, e — retromandibular

semicirculāris, e — semicircular

suprarenālis, e — suprarenal


^ English-Latin vocabulary

forearm — antebrachium, i n

interclavicular — interclaviculāris, e

interlobar — interlobāris, e

intermandibular — intermandibulāris, e

interosseous — interosseus, a, um

intercostal — intercostālis, e

intraglandular — intraglandulāris, e

parapharyngeal — parapharyngeālis, e

paravesical — paravesicālis, e

preoccipital — preoccipitālis, e

semilunar— semilunāris, e

submandibular — submandibulāris, e

supraorbital — supraorbitālis, e

suprapleural — suprapleurālis, e


§ 70. Model (sample) of the final test
in anatomical terminology

  1. Give the dictionary form of each word, translate the terms into English:

1) paries anterior gastris; 2) vestibŭlum oris; 3) margo liber unguis;
4) pecten ossis pubis; 5) partes corpŏris humāni; 6) plexus cavernōsi conchārum; 7) ostia venārum pulmonalium.

  1. Give the dictionary form of each word, translate the terms into Latin:

1) deep vein of the right leg; 2) teres minor muscle; 3) groove for inferior petrosal sinus; 4) surface of incisor tooth; 5) planes, lines and regions; 6) heads of the true, false and floating ribs; 7) eyebrows and eyelashes.

  1. ^ Give the dictionary form of each word, translate the terms into Latin:

1) by means of the long canal; 2) through the abdomen; 3) with a wandering kidney; 4) for nervous system; 5) glands without ducts.


To cope with this final test you have to review (revise) thoroughly every home task because all the terms of this test have been taken from your exercises. But the most effective way to success is your thorough learning and preparation for every lesson during the time of your studies.

^ LATIN-ENGLISH VOCABULARY


A

a, ab (Abl) from

accessorius, a, um accessory

acustĭcus, a, um auditory

ad (Acc.) 1) to; 2) for; 3) during

adhesio, ōnis f adhesion

adipōsus, a, um fat

adĭtus, us m aditus

ala, ae f wing

alāris, e alar

alveolāris, e alveolar

ampullāris, e ampullary

analўsis, is f analysis

anatomĭcus, a, um anatomical

angŭlus, i m angle

ante (Acc.) 1) before (time);
2) in front of (place)

antebrachium, i n antebrachium, forearm

anterior, ius anterior

antihĕlix, ĭcis f; anthĕlix,
ĭcis f antihelix (anthelix)

antitrăgus, i m antitragus

antrum, i n antrum, cave

apex, ǐcis m apex, top

apparātus, us m apparatus

appendix, ĭcis f appendix

arachnoideus, a um arachnoid

arbor, ǒris f tree

arbor vitae arbor vitae

arcus, us m arch

arteria, ae f artery

arteriōsus, a um arterial

articulāris, e articular

articulatio, ōnis f joint

atlas, ntis m atlas (the first cervical vertebra)

auditorius, a, um auditory

auricŭla, ae f auricle; pinna

auricularis, e auricular

auris, is f ear

axis, is m axis


B

basis, is f base

biliāris, e (=felleus, a, um) gall (+noun)

bipennātus, a, um bipennate

biventer, tra, trum two-bellied

brevis, e short

bulbus, i m (ocŭli) eyeball


C

cadāver, ĕris n cadaver (dead body)

calicŭlus, i m (gustatorius) bud

canālis, is m canal

cancer, cri m cancer

canīnus, a um (dens) canine (tooth)

capsŭla, ae f capsule

caput, ǐtis n head

cardiăcus, a, um cardiac

carotĭcus, a, um carotid

cartilāgo, ǐnis f cartilage

cauda, ae f tail

cavernōsus, a, um cavernous

cavĭtas, ātis f cavity

celer, ĕris, ĕre rapid, quick (pulse)

cerebellum, i n cerebellum

cerebrālis, e cerebral

cervicālis, e cervical

cervix, īcis f cervix

ciliāris, e ciliary

circum (Acc.) around, round

circumferentiālis, e circumferential

circumferentia, ae f circumference

coccygēus, a, um coccygeal

coccyx, ygis m coccyx, coccygeal bone

cochleāris, e cochlear

collaterālis, e collateral

communǐcans, ntis communicative

composǐtus, a, um complex

concha, ae f concha (shellshaped hole)

connectīvus, a, um connective

continuus, a, um continued

contra (Acc.) against, for (cough)

cor, cordis n heart

cornu, us n horn, hornshaped process

corpus, ǒris n body

cortex, ǐcis m cortex (crust)

costa, ae f rib

costālis, e costal

craniālis, e cranial

cranium, i n skull

crista, ae f crest

crus, cruris n 1) shank, leg;
2) crus, limb (of auditory ossicle); 3) bundle (of myocardium)

cum (Abl.) with

cutis, is f skin


D

de (Abl.) about, of

deciduus, a, um deciduous

dens, dentis m tooth

dens canīnus canine tooth

dens deciduus deciduous tooth

dens incisīvus incisor tooth

dens molāris molar tooth

dens permănens permanent tooth

dens premolāris premolar tooth

dens sapientiae wisdom tooth

dentālis, e dental

dexter, tra, trum right

diamĕter, tri f diameter

diaphragma, ătis n diaphragm

diencephălon, i n diencephalon

difficĭlis, e difficult

digastrǐcus, a um digastric

digitātus, a, um digitate

digǐtus, i m finger, toe

distālis, e distal

dorsālis, e dorsal

ductus, us m duct

duodēnum, i n duodenum

dura mater dura mater
(the outermost meninx
of the brain)

durus, a, um solid


E

e, ex (Abl.) from, of

eminentia, ae f eminence

encephălon i n brain

endocrīnus, a, um endocrine

et and

epitympanĭcus, a, um epitympanic

externus, a, um external

extracapsulāris extracapsular


F

faciālis, e facial

facies, ēi f face, surface

fascia, ae f fascia

fascia lata fascia lata

fauces, ium f fauces

febris, is f fever

felleus, a, um (= biliaris, e) gall (+noun)

femĭna, ae f woman

femur, ŏris n femur, thigh (bone)

fibra, ae f fibre

fibrōsus, a, um fibrous

flavus, a, um yellow

forāmen, ĭnis n opening

fossa, ae f fossa (little hole)

frontālis, e frontal


G

ganglion, i n nervous node

gaster, tris f stomach

gemma, ae f bud

generālis, e general

genitālis, e genital

gingīva, ae f gingiva, gum

glandŭla, ae f gland

glomus, ěris n a cluster of blood vessels, glomus

gustatorius, a, um taste (+noun)


H

hemispherium, i n hemisphere

hepar, ătis n liver

hepatĭcus, a, um

homo, ǐnis m man

humānus, a, um human

hyoideus, a, um hyoid, sublingual (bone)

hypochondriăcus, a, um hypochondriac

hypogastrĭcus, a, um hypogastric

hypoglossus, a, um hypoglossal, sublingual (nerve)


I

iliăcus, a, um iliac

impar, ăris impar, unpaired

impressio, ōnis f impression

imus, a, um imus (ima), the lowest

in (Acc., when answering
the question “where to?”, Russian “куда?”) in, into, on

in (Abl., when answering
the question “where?”,
Russian “где?”) in, on

incertus, a, um incerta (zona)

incisīvus, a, um (dens) incisor

incisūra, ae f incisure, slit or notch

inferior, ius inferior

infra (Acc.) below, under

inter (Acc.) among, between
(two objects)

interclaviculāris, e interclavicular

intercostālis, e intercostal

interlobāris, e interlobar

intermandibulāris, e intermandibular

internus, a, um internal

interosseus, a, um interosseal, interosseous

interpedunculāris, e interpeduncular

interthalamĭcus, a, um interthalamic

intervertebrālis, e intervertebral

intra (Acc.) inside, in

intraglandulāris, e intraglandular

intrajugulāris, e intrajugular

intraoccipitālis, e intraoccipital

inversus, a, um inverse

iris, ĭdis f iris (central part of the eye)


J

jugum, i n yoke


L

labium, i n lip

lamella, ae f lamella

larynx, yngis m larynx

latus, a, um broad

liber, ĕra, ĕrum free

ligamentum, i n ligament

lingua, ae f tongue

longissǐmus, a, um the longest

longitudinālis, e longitudinal

longus, a, um long

lumbālis, e lumbar

lymphatĭcus, a, um lymphatic


M

magnus, a, um large (vein), magnus (m. adductor), great (nerve)

major, jus major, greater, larger

mandibǔla, ae f lower jaw, mandible

manus, us f hand

margo, ǐnis m margin, border

massēter, ēris m see below
m. masseter

mastoideus, a, um mastoid

mater, tris f mater (cerebral coat)

maxilla, ae f maxilla, upper jaw

meātus, us m meatus (passage)

medulla, ae f medulla

membrum, i n limb

mesencephalĭcus, a, um mesencephalic

mesencephălon, i n mesencephalon

mesocōlon, i n mesocolon

metacarpālis, e metacarpal

metatarsus, i m metatarsus

minor, us minor, lesser, smaller

minĭmus, a, um the least, minimus

molāris, e (dens) molar (tooth)

musculāris, e muscular

muscǔlus, i m muscle

m. adductor, ōris m adductor (bringing muscle)

m. arrector, ōris m arrector
(muscle elevating hair)

m. levātor, ōris m levator
(elevating muscle)

m. massēter, ēris m masseter

m. pronātor, ōris m pronator (muscle turning the forearm)

m. rotātor, ōris m rotātor

m. sphincter, ēris m sphincter (compressing muscle)

m. tensor, ōris m tensor
(straining muscle)


N

nasālis, e nasal

nasus, i m nose

nervus, i m nerve

nucleus, i m nucleus

nomen, ĭnis n name


O

oblongātus, a, um rather long

occipitālis, e occipital

ocŭlus, i m eye

operatio, ōnis f operation

orbĭta, ae f orbit

orgănon, i n organ

os, oris n mouth

os, ossis n bone

osseus, a, um bony

ossicŭlum, i n ossicle

ostium, i n opening, orifice

otĭcus, a, um otic


P

palatīnus, a, um palatine

palātum, i n palate

palpĕbra, ae f eyelid

pancreatĭcus, a, um pancreatic

parapharyngeālis, e parapharyngeal

paraventriculohypophysiālis, e paraventriculohypophysial

paravesicālis, e paravesical

paries, ĕtis m wall

parotideus, a, um parotid

pars, partis f part


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